Purple Swamphen, Purple Gallinule, Purple Swamp-Hen (Porphyrio porphyrio)

Interesting :

The male and female of Purple Swamphen have the same characteristics. The head is bluish gold. The upper part of the body is purplish blue. The area under the chin and the chest are greenish blue. The stomach and the side are purplish blue. The upper leg area is greenish blue. The head, shoulder, and the wing feathers are greenish blue. The eyes are red. The spur and the sheet on the forehead are red. The leg and toes are very long with the brownish red.

Habitat :

Can be found in Europe, Africa, India, China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Lao, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, and Australia. It can generally be found in Thailand and is plentiful in the Central.The Purple Swamphen eats both plant and animal. It shows a preference for permanent, fresh or brackish, still or slow-flowing, sheltered, extensive wetlands (del Hoyo et al. 1996) with floating mats of water-lilies (Taylor and van Perlo 1998), tall, dense emergent vegetation (e.g. reeds Phragmites spp., Typha spp., sedge Carex spp., papyrus Cyperus spp. (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998), Scirpus spp. or Eleocharis spp. (Taylor and van Perlo 1998)), muddy or sandy shorelines and patches of shallow water (del Hoyo et al. 1996). It may however occur in saline, eutrophic or turbid wetlands, and may be found on small waters and seasonal or temporary wetlands (e.g. in Africa) (del Hoyo et al. 1996). Suitable habitats include ponds, lakes, dams, marshes, swamps, rivers, flood-plains, artesian wells, sewage farms (del Hoyo et al. 1996) and wet rice-fields (Taylor and van Perlo 1998). The species also extends into open habitats adjacent to wetlands including grasslands, agricultural land, parks, gardens, hedgerows and forest margins (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Food :

It eats aquatic plant, plant seed, fruit, shell, and insect. It also steals other bird’s egg and the chick to eat.

Behavior :

Lives in the pond, and swamp especially the area which is the large water source and have the aquatic plant. It lives together in a troop. It uses most of its time hiding in the papyrus or tussock. The Purple Swamphen seeks for the food by walking near the riverside and walk slowly. When walking and lifting its feet, its finger will bend to each other. When it steps down, the toes will spreading out separately. Its short tail will lift every time when it makes a step. When being irritated, it will run away on the surface of the water by flapping together its wings which helping its feet not sinking in the water. It will fly away only when it is in real danger. It is not very good at flying. When flying to the dense tussock, it will fly down and hide quietly until the danger has gone. It can swim very fast and very good at swimming.

Current Status :

Leaet Concern


CLASS : Aves

ORDER : Gruiformes

FAMILY : Rallidae

GENUS : Porphyrio

SPECIES : Purple Swamphen, Purple Gallinule, Purple Swamp-Hen (Porphyrio porphyrio)

Conservation status : Least Concern

Reproductive :

The Purple Swamphen breeds at the end of rainy season. It builds the nest on the ground near the large riverside which made of the stem of the aquatic plant near the nest. It will peck and draw out the plant to build the nest. It lays 3 to 4 eggs each hatch. Both sexes will help each other building the nest and incubating the eggs which will take 28 days. The chick has bluish black fluffy hair. The chick will stay in the nest 2 to 3 days before going into the water.

Size and weight :

Is the small to medium sized water fowl with the body length of 43 centimeters.

Reference :

For more information

Point of view :

Update : 06 April 2017